Waste management is a waste of time.
Most waste-management practices used on job sites can help reduce tipping fees for landfilling waste. A lot of contractors have proved that construction waste management helps generate profit through recycling and saves a lot of money. Aside from this, it also provides a much safer and cleaner workplace.
Green building is a fad.
Contrary to what most people believe in, green-building principles have been practiced for centuries now. This is done by taking advantage of prevailing breezes, natural features and solar orientation. This may also be done through utilization of locally-sourced natural materials.
Environment-friendly materials are difficult to find.
A lot of manufacturers have learned that green products can easily capture lost profits because they can mitigate potential liabilities. Some products like linoleum, gypsum board and acoustic ceiling panels have a recyclability capacity for years. Aluminum and steel have also been recycled even decades ago. It is believed that the demand for sustainable construction products will increase as raw materials become more costly and depleted.
Homeowners are not really concerned about green architecture or green building.
In the May 2002 issue of the Environmental Building News, it was claimed that to date, there are 32 green construction initiatives being planned. This does not even include the wide range of federal green-building programs such as those coming from government institutions. A lot of universities, schools and even corporate owners continue to adopt sustainable construction following the LEED rating criteria.
Green construction is easy.
Green building consists of a holistic process which revolves the philosophy of “doing more with less.”
Be mindful about green architecture myths and facts -and then your dream green home is just around the corner.
Architecture is an important feature and the very first step in the development of an application. n-Tier the term is used for multiple tier or multiple layers. n-Tier Architecture splits the solution process into different projects based on the business requirements. The main advantage of using n-Tier is that the complexity associated with the business and the process is reduced and it is easy to work with. The elements of performance, scalability and future development issues need to be considered when deciding on the architecture of the application depending on the priorities required.
The n-Tier application has three tiers or layers, they are called the presentation tier, the business tier and the data tier. Each layer interacts with the layer directly below, and has specific function to perform. Presentation Layer is responsible for displaying user interface to either programmer or end user. Programmer uses this layer for designing purpose and to get the data back and forth. In ASP.NET it includes ASPX pages, user controls, server controls and sometimes security related classes and objects.
The Business layer works as a mediator to transfer the data from presentation layer. In the three tier architecture the data access layer is not made to interact with the presentation layer. The architecture in ASP.NET includes using SqlClient or OleDb objects to retrieve, update and delete data from SQL Server or Access databases and passing the data retrieved to the presentation layer in a DataReader or DataSet object, or a custom collection object. The Data layer gets the data from the business layer and sends it to the database or vice versa. This layer is further divided into two sub layers Business Logic Layer (BLL) and Data Access Layer (DAL). DAL is responsible for accessing data and forwarding it to BLL. In ASP.NET it uses SqlClient or OleDb to retrieve the data and send it to BLL in the form of a DataSet or DataReader. BLL (Business Logic Layer) is responsible for preparing or processing the data retrieved and sends it to the presentation layer.
The Data layer gets the data from the business layer and sends it to the database or gets the data from the database and sends it to the business layer. In ASP .NET it is an SQL Server or Access database. It can also be Oracle, mySQL or even XML.
In an ASP.NET n-tiered architecture web pages do not make direct calls to the database. A given layer only communicates with its neighboring layers. ASP.NET Web pages should reference custom objects defined in the business object layer. These objects provide database information in a class structure.
The partitioning of ASP.NET applications into front-end, middle tier and back-end layers, the n-Tier architecture supports a more uniform, building block approach to application designs. Hardware and software for presentation, application and database functions can be scaled separately, and included more easily into complex e-Business environments.
Gimlet and also bradawl would be the other tools necessary in making holes in different types of wood and also for screwing as well as nailing various sections of wood. Just before beginning this kind of work you’ll require hand drills that are readily obtainable in the market. Ordinary looking hand drills together with various sized twist drills can be found in the hand drill package with regard to drilling holes in various kinds of wood. For drilling holes in the hard wood planks the breast drill fits best.
Basic tools are the most effective:
Simple looking tools are just sufficient for use if you are a rookie. Skilled carpenters and also workers need specifically designed tools to have the ability to perform complicated as well as faster kinds of labor. Newbies are not too familiar with regards to using different home tools. A carpenter who is a beginner has to utilize more pressure while using tools such as twist drill, as well as has to get it done with skill, otherwise the twist drill could bend and actually break.
When purchasing hand drills, you will also get the drill bits included in the package. With regard to light drilling jobs the Archimedean drill is obtainable in the market, which could be used on lighter woods. Holes in solid wood can be drilled by the carpenter’s brace for drilling holes of huge diameters. Auger bits are useful for drilling big holes.
Tools – practicality and also efficiency:
Screw drivers can be purchased in several sizes as well as these are an essential tool in the home kit. Bigger wood screws need the cabinet type screw driver, whilst the working on some other kinds of screws, the pump action style of screw is better. Force needs to be applied when using a screw driver and a novice needs to be very careful while he uses the screw driver similar to the slide, his fingers might get trapped. Many of the screw drivers such as the Philip screw driver and also the standard purpose screw drivers have grips that are flattened and help in gripping the tool better.
A number of fundamental tools utilized by carpenters would be the special tipped drills for drilling holes in walls. Drilling light and finer holes can be achieved with the Archimedean drill and point tipped drill bits. For cutting large circles in wood that is not really too thick, a beginner has to likewise purchase the hole-saw for cutting bigger circles. For boring holes in wood a screw driver needs to be completely avoided. Besides the above mentioned home tools, we should not forget the most important tool, and that’s the hammer. They’re a must in every house, as they are used for nailing a nail or perhaps used for pulling out nails from the walls as well as pieces of wood. While working on metal, the mechanics hammer as well as the Warrington hammer must be used. With regard to heavy duty work the sledge hammer suits best.
A web sites architecture is what grounds all future search engine marketing efforts. An optimal web site architecture facilitates a search engine in traversing
and understanding the site. Therefore, creating a web site with a search engine optimized architecture is a major contributing factor in achieving and maintaining high search engine rankings.
Architecture should also be considered throughout a web sites lifetime by the web site developer, alongside other factors such as aesthetics and usability. If a new feature does not permit a search engine to
access the content, hinders it, or confuses it, the effects of good content may be reduced substantially.For example, a web site that uses Flash or AJAX technologies inappropriately may obscure the majority
of its content from a search engine.
Optimizing a sites architecture frequently involves tinkering with variables that also affect usability and the overall user perception of your site. When we encounter such situations, we alert you to why
these certain choices were made. Sometimes we find that SEO enhancements run counter to usability. Likewise, not all designs that are user friendly are search engine friendly. Either
way, a compromise must be struck to satisfy both kinds of visitors users and search engines.
One common misconception is that search engine optimization efforts can be made after a web site is launched. This is frequently incorrect. Whenever possible, a web site can and should be designed to be
search engine friendly as a fundamental concern.Unfortunately, when a preexisting web site is designed in a way that poses problems for search engines,search engine optimization can become a much larger task. If a web site has to be redesigned, or partially
redesigned, the migration process frequently necessitates special technical considerations. For example,old URLs must be properly redirected to new ones with similar relevant content.
Unless you have wide knowledge about architecture design and ideas to improve the style of the house, you cannot withstand long enough in the business. It is true that sometimes it is hard to find suitable architect who designs plan for building your dream home. There are plenty of such professionals in the field that it becomes difficult to choose the right person from the lot. Either the pricing would be high or the designs they show you may not be impressive. Before looking for the architect or engineer to make your plans live, it is necessary that you should fix the right budget for residential architecture. You cannot make ends meet within the small budget and hence you should be aware of the current cost and rate of materials before selecting a design. Be realistic when you choose the home design so that you can construct your dream home within your budget.
In reality, if you are prepared to spend more amounts, then you can have excellent interiors as well as exterior design. Your builder will help you giving new ideas to include a swimming pool and garden for you to relax. He would add a patio for spending time in the evenings with your family. The kitchen can be superbly designed with outstanding marbles and wall colors with fully furnished appliance and accessories. Everything depends on the factor how much is your budget. There are plenty of talented designers in the market who can make things which are impossible come true. They will guide you in every single step so that you are not disappointed in any aspect.
While choosing the designer, you make sure that he is familiar with what you are expecting from him. He should have some experience in particular roof style and flooring so that it fits right into your budget. You can get referrals from your friends for choosing the best designer for residence. Alternatively you can also browse the web for knowing more types of styles and designs and familiarize yourself with the latest design. Many architects will have a catalogue to show you different types of designs for exteriors which make your home stand unique. A house will look appealing and distinct only if the external architecture design is beautiful. By referring the internet, you will get various ideas and learn about the residential architecture designs for building the inner parts and exteriors of your house. Ultimately you should be completely satisfied with the outcome and for which you are paying a hefty amount to the architect.
These days there are some new budding career which is making their mark in the long race of career options. Career in Physiotherapy, architecture and leather technology are gaining popularity and proving to be quiet profitable for the students pursuing the courses.
Career in Physiotherapy
A career in physiotherapy is highest in demand and hold high scopes in India and abroad. Physiotherapy is the science to manage and coordinate human body functions and promote optimal health. It helps to solve dysfunction in human body, weakness in knee and joints, paralysis, gynecological ailments, inborn and acquired diseases and other such disorders. Medical practitioners refer such patients to psychotherapists who restore them to good health with the help of therapy and medicine. There are two courses available: bachelors of physiotherapy and masters of physiotherapy. Basic eligibility criteria for BPT are 12th pass and an examination conducted at state or national level. There are various job opportunities for physiotherapists like: work in health care department, rehabilitation centers, clinics, under various departments of central government and state government, phsysically handicapped centre. One can also take up teaching
Career in Architecture
If one is inclined towards decoration houses and knowing more about their structure and design, one can take up architecture as a career option. Therefore architecture is the study and planning of a building. One needs to be 12th pass and should have opted for maths, physics and chemistry. After this eligibility criterion is met, an all India examination for B Arch is held after which there is a personal interview round. So one has to be totally dedicated and hard working in order to get through the entire process and reach the goal. In order to get into this career one needs to have an analytical mind and be good in maths. There are various opportunities in private and government sector. One can get into huge architect firms, consultancy companies, in real estates, in universities and industrial development sector.
Career in Leather Technology
Leather Industry is the fourth largest export industry in India, which has lead to great demand for highly trained professionals in leather technology. Few years back any professional training was not needed in leather industry but with the growing demand, numerous courses and diplomas are available in this field. There are various jobs opportunities in leather industry in the technical field and designing field. Technical students work on cutting and shaping the leather while the designing students work on designing the various shapes. There are vast amount of multinational companies investing on leather goods which has made it a profitable career.
One should go with their areas of interest and these careers in leather technology, architecture and physiotherapy are amongst the fastest growing of the lot.
School of Architecture & Design (SA&D), Manipal University Jaipur is dedicated to provide world class education meeting international standards. It aims to foster creative, innovative and intellectually vibrant learning that would establish academic and professional excellence in architecture. SA&D strives for excellence in imparting architectural education and training for changing socio-cultural aspirations, environmental compulsions, material & technological innovations, the IT revolution and globalization of economies. State of the art facilities, dedicated and experienced faculty and student-centric academic practices not confined to syllabus learning, are the hallmarks of the School. The quality of life at SA&D is designed to mould the students into professionals with good human values.
1) Under graduate course in architecture
SA&D offers a five year professional course with a focus on creativity and innovation in architecture, leading to Bachelor of Architecture (B. Arch.) degree. It is approved by Council of Architecture (CoA) and is recognized in India and abroad. It is conducted in two stages. The first stage consists of three years of institutional academic studies. The second stage consists of two years of professional development including one year of practical training. The course covers:
Architectural graphic skills, manual as well as computer based
Building Construction Technology
Structural Design and Systems
Basic Design and Visual Arts
History of Architecture, Art and Culture
Building Services and Equipment
Workshop Practice and Site Exposure
Building Materials and Sciences
Surveying and Levelling
Estimation, Costing and Specification writing
Climatology, Environmental Studies and Landscape
Human Settlements and Vernacular Architecture
Building Bye Laws and Codes of Practice
Theory of Design
Computer Applications in Architecture (non graphic)
Project and Relevant Electives
2) Doctoral Programmes
Doctoral programmes are offered as full time as well as part time research initiatives of Manipal University, Jaipur. SA&D offers research guidance for Ph.D. in architecture and related areas. Scholarships are also given to deserving full time candidates.
Infrastructure and facilities
Besides excellent studios, lecture halls, library, computer lab, digital photography lab, food court, workshops, construction yard and lush green open environment for interactive learning, the school will have its USPs as
Climatology lab where the students will have a feel of the climatic parameters as they affect human comfort.
Architecture lab where students will have a feel of the magnitude and quality of spaces they design on their drawing boards.
Materials Museum, where students will get necessary data about the materials in the market and physically see the latest materials and technologies of building construction.
Exhibition hall, where the outstanding work of students will be displayed. Besides sharing the work of colleagues, it is expected to create a healthy competition amongst the students to continuously improve their performance.
Visual Art Studio, where painting and sculpture workshops will be held to sensitize the students towards aesthetics.
The NATA (National Aptitude Test in Architecture) will open the gates of the best architectural and design colleges in the country for you as it acts as the gate pass for entering the prestigious institutions in India .The National Institute for Advanced Studies in Architecture is responsible for holding the NATA examination, The Council Of Architecture is the governing body for this entire activity.
One of the best things about the NATA examination is that every aspirant from all walks of life are given an equal opportunity to apply for this examination which proves to be a tough challenge for all those who want to reach high skies. This means the probability of a candidate clearing NATA is low. But that does not deter the confidence of all these candidates that apply in lakes for a shot at the examination in a quest to emerge victorious.
A candidate can appear for the NATA examination round the year between 1st March and 30th September at the test centers spread over the states. The criterion for being eligible to appear in the NATA examination is a 10 + 2 with Mathematics or a degree from a recognized university/institution with an aggregate of 50%. The candidate should have attained the age of 17 years at the time of appearing for the examination. Candidates holding International Baccalaureate Diploma with an aggregate of 50% and Maths as a subject can also enroll themselves.
The NATA examination is divided into two sections. Firstly they have to appear for the Paper Based Drawing Test which comprises of 2 questions with one of the question containing a sub question .A candidate ahs two hours to complete the paper. Secondly they have to give the Computer Based Aesthetic Sensitivity Test which comprises of 40 questions which have to be completed in 2 hours. Both the test covers the key areas that a candidate needs to be excellent in to become an architect.
The candidates who need an extra guidance in NATA can also approach the coaching institutes which help them in deciphering the examination in a simple way. BRDS (Bhanwar Rathore Design Studio) has been working with so many students who have, with their guidance cleared the NATA examination.This institute has faculties from NID and NIT who have used their experience and inculcated the same in these candidates which has helped them make a mark.
Simply put, modern architecture is a kind of style found in the building structures that have simple form without any ornamental structures to them. In actual, this style of architecture was first introduced around 1900. By 1940, modern architecture was recognized as an international style and became the most common way to build for many decades in the 20th century. Modern architect applies scientific and analytical methods to design.
According to many historians, the origins of this style of architecture is related to the social and political revolution of the time, though others see modern architecture as primarily driven by technological and engineering developments. Of course, the availability of a range of materials such as steel, iron, concreteand glass brought about many new building techniques as part of the industrial revolution. There is a group of people who regard modern architecture as a reaction against ancient building style. Above all, it is most commonly liked as a matter of taste.
Well, for the international style, the widely popular used materials are glass for the facade, steel for exterior support, as well as concrete for the floors and interior supports. In fact, the floor plans are logical and functional. However, most of the individuals are not fond of the modern style.In general, these people find its stark, uncompromisingly rectangular geometrical designs quite inhumane. Yes, they actually think this universal style is elitist,sterile and lacks meaning.
It has been observed that modern architecture challenged traditional ideas about different types of structures perfect for architectural design. Only important civic buildings, churches, public institutions and aristocratic palaces had long been the mainstay of architectural practices. However, modernist designers quite oftenargued thatmodern architect should design everything that was necessary for society, even the most humble buildings.
In a very short time, architects started to plan low-cost housing, factories, railroad stations, warehouses, and commercial spaces as well. And, in the first half of the 20th century, modern architectbegan to produce furniture, textiles, and wallpaper – as well as designing houses in order to create a totally designed domestic environment. The main thing is that the aesthetics used by modern architects celebrated function in all possible forms of design, ranging from household furnishings to massive ocean liners and new flying machines as well.
Modern architect first came up in the United States and Europe and spread across the rest of the world. The major characteristic features that made this kind of architecture possible were stylistic movements, buildings, technology, and modern materials as well.
Cisco(NASDAQ:CSCO) has added live TV and mobile video capabilities to its Videoscape architecture by integrating the Video Delivery Platform from Apalya Technologies Private Limited. This capability was demonstrated at the Cisco Video Summit in New Delhi, which is an annual event for the company’s customers and partners in the cable and broadcast sectors.
To demonstrate Cisco’s commitment to delivering best-of-breed solutions to multi-system operators (MSOs) in India, who operate multiple cable or direct-broadcast satellite television systems, Cisco has also made an investment in Apalya. This investment was done along with existing investors IDGVI (IDG Ventures India), IUVP (Indo-US Venture Partners) and Qualcomm.
“Video is a key priority for Cisco, and we have been investing in innovative technologies to enhance the delivery of quality video content across platforms. We are excited to work together with Apalya to drive innovation in the intersection of Mobility and TV Video delivery,” said Vish Iyer, Director, SP Video Architecture, Asia-Pacific, Japan and Greater China, Cisco.
With the uptake of 3G services in the country and the introduction of 4G services, the demand for data and video, on mobile, is growing significantly. According to the Cisco Visual Networking Index (VNI), global mobile data traffic will grow 13-fold from 2012 to 2017, reaching 11.2 exabytes per month in 2017, and mobile video will represent 66% of all mobile data traffic. In India, video is expected to be 40% of mobile data traffic by 2016, up from 15% at the end of 2011.